Although the cause is unknown and no treatment is uniformly effective for everyone, many treatments are available and the vast majority of patients obtain relief.
- Consult with physician
- Evaluation including a complete history, physical and PUF questionnaire
- Cystoscopy with Hydrodistention under general anesthesia
- Treatment protocol involving Bladder instillations, Elmiron, Diet
- Individualized treatment plans
The bladder is stretched by filling it with water under general anesthesia. This is part of the diagnostic procedure for IC, and may be therapeutic as well.
(pentosan polysulfate sodium)
Elmiron received FDA approval in 1996. It is the only oral medication approved specifically for use in IC. It is believed to work by repairing a thin or damaged bladder lining.
Tricyclic antidepressants such as Elavil® (amitriptyline) have been shown to help with both the pain and frequency of IC. In IC, these medications are used for their anti-pain properties, not as a treatment for depression.
High levels of histamine are found in the bladder walls of many IC patients. Hydroxazine (Atarax®, Vistaril®) is an antihistamine which prevents histamine release from mast cells. Hydroxazine is frequently used to help decrease symptoms related to IC.
An over-the-counter dietary supplement, may help IC patients better tolerate acid foods and beverages.
A patent-protected, natural oral dietary supplement in soft gel capsule form, has been developed and clinically tested to help promote bladder health. It has anti-inflammatory properties and helps repair the GAG protective layer of the bladder.
Eliminating certain foods (acidic, spicy) may decrease the severity of IC symptoms. Foods high in acid (such as orange or cranberry juice) create tremendous irritation
in much the same way that acid poured on a wound on your hand would feel. It hurts! Smoking, Coffee or tea, and alcoholic beverages may aggravate IC. Foods that stimulate nerves, such as caffeine, are
notorious for triggering the already sensitized nerves in the bladder. Thus, if you're struggling with frequency or pain, this means that your bladder nerves are involved. It's foolish to irritate the
nerves to trigger yet more frequency. Foods high in histamines, such as chocolate, can trigger an allergy like reaction.
Some, but not all, patients may struggle with foods high in sodium or potassium.
Patients may also have individual and often unpredictable reactions to various foods.
Take a look at this IC-Smart Diet (pfd)
Self-help techniques can improve the quality of life and reduce the incidence and severity of flare-ups. These include changes in diet, stress reduction, visualization, biofeedback, bladder retraining and exercise, among others.
Blue Ridge Gyn & Wellness
541 Sunset Lane
Culpeper, VA 22701
Phone: (540) 825-4557